Thursday, 24 November 2022 13:38

Common Errors in Panoramic Radiographs: A review

Zainab M. Al-Bahrani Department of Oral Diagnosis, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.
Corresponding author: Zainab M. Al-Bahrani
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received 18 August 2022.
Accepted for publication on September 27, 2022.
Published November 23, 2022.

Panoramic radiography (also called pantomography) is an imaging technique that produce a wide, curved image layer, the dentist can see the patient’s whole set of dentition and surrounding tissues on a single film, , the x-ray source and image receptor will have rotated around the patient›s head to accomplish this. This review, an attempt is made to summarize the common errors associated with patient preparation, patient positioning, patient motion, exposure, handling, and film processing, in addition to digital panoramic imaging software tools, brightness, and contrast adjustment to give an evidence to reduce the chance of errors occurrences in future, so this assist the dental radiologist improving their practice and experience.


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