1Shatha A. Jabou MSc, 2Ban Al-Drobie, PhD and 3Bashar H. Abdullah, PhD
1, 2, 3Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Iraq.
Corresponding author: Shatha A. Jabou
Received 25 September 2022.
Accepted for publication on November 30, 2022.
Published February 28, 2023.
Background The most prevalent cutaneous cancer worldwide is basal cell carcinoma. Different histopathological growth patterns of basal cell carcinoma exhibit various clinical behaviors, indicating that this tumor is not unique. Objectives The study's goal was to examine the demographic description of basal cell malignancy patients. Materials and Methods From 1983 - 2021, 85 Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded head-and-neck basal cell carcinoma tissue cassettes were retrospectively studied. They were taken from the archives of the Ghazi Al-Harerri Hospital in Medical City and the University of Baghdad's Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. World Health Organization recommendations and the evaluation of Hematoxylin & Eosin sections by two expert pathologists validated each case's diagnosis. Results For patients with tumors, the age range from 40-90 years with a mean standard deviation of 63.25±10.85. The age group's distribution of the studied patients had a highly significant difference. Regarding gender, there was no significant difference. The site recorded highly significant differences in "Nose, and Cheek. Regarding different histological patterns recorded highly significant differences and the highest recorded cases were in "Metatypical, and Nodular. Conclusion These findings imply that the head and neck region's metatypical form was BCC’s most common histological pattern, with the nose and cheek being the most common sites with the most sun-exposed areas and irritated skin.