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Prevalence of Dental Trauma among Primary School Children in Al-Dora City/Baghdad

1Noor M. Kadhim, MSc., 2Hind H. Enad, MSc. and 3Qabas M. Hameed, Dip.
1, 2, 3 Department of Dentistry, Al-Hadi University College, Baghdad, Iraq.
Corresponding author: Noor M. Kadhim
E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received 02 October 2022.
Accepted for publication on November 09, 2022.
Published March 07, 2023.

Traumatic injuries to the anterior teeth are a major public health concern. It seriously affects children›s daily lives, activities and experiences. Those injuries may be accompanied by physical, psychological, and other negative effects on the child, including discomfort and a predisposition to avoid laughing or smiling, and they may have an influence on social interactions. Objectives The current study was designed to evaluate the prevalence of the traumatic type of injuries for children between 6-12 years old at primary schools for both genders in Al- Dora city. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among governmental (750) primary school children aged 6–12 years, of both sexes, in Al- Dora city. The principles used for the diagnosis of trauma in anterior teeth were assessed according to the classification of Ellis and Davey in 1970. Results The total number of children affected by Traumatic Dental Injuries (TDI) was 190, with a prevalence of 25% and an absence of TDI of 75%. Class I involving enamel fracture was recorded as 52% of all TDI in upper and lower teeth, the prevalence rate according to gender was 33% in females and 66% in males, and the most prevalent age of occurrence was age 12 years old 33% and most common in central maxillary incisor. Conclusion Anterior dental trauma (ADT) was more common in boys than in girls, central incisors were the most affected teeth, and simple fractures on the enamel surface were reported as the most commonly identified type of dental trauma. Falling and being injured by hit with an object are the two most often reported causes of dental trauma, it is most commonly happens at home and at a lower rate at school. Unfortunately, this study revealed that a significant number of traumatized teeth were left untreated.

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