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Monday, 26 June 2023 15:42

Root Canal Configuration of Mandibular Anterior Teeth in Baghdad City by Cone Beam Computed Tomography

1Hanan Jawad Kadhim, MSc., 2Ali Hassan Abdul Ghani, MSc. and 3Soran Kahtan Mohammedsaleh, BDS
1Department of Radiology, Albaladiyat Specialized Center, Baghdad, Iraq, 2Department of Endodontics, Albaladiyat Specialized Center, Baghdad, Iraq, 3Department of Endodontics, Al Sha’b Specialized Center, Baghdad, Iraq.
Corresponding author: Ali Hassan Abdul Ghani
E.mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


Received 20 October 2022.
Accepted for publication on January 23, 2023.
Published June 26, 2023.

Background Appropriate root canal morphology knowledge is vital for successful endodontic treatment. One of the main reasons for root canal treatment failure is the lack of knowledge of canal morphology, causing missed uncleaned and unshaped canals and compromising the favorable outcome. Objectives To investigate root canal morphology of mandibular anterior teeth by CBCT imaging in a sample of the Iraqi population in Baghdad city. Materials and Methods A total of 441 healthy, untreated fully erupted mandibular anterior teeth from 75 CBCT scans were examined and investigated for root canal morphology categorized by Vertucci classification. The entire root length was examined in the axial section with a slice thickness of half a millimetre. Results All examined teeth had single roots. Obtained data expressed as number and percentage of canal configuration. The chi-square test showed a non-significant difference between males and females. Type I configuration was the most common 80%, while type III accounted only for 17%. Conclusion Single rooted with Type I canal configuration is the most prevalent in mandibular anterior teeth in the Iraqi subpopulation. However, the incidence of more than one root canal with different canal configurations is also detected.

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