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Wednesday, 16 August 2023 13:04

Porosity and Colour Stability: Aluminum Fluoride Incorporation to PMMA

1Noor Abdul Sahib Abass, BSc, 2Amal Abdul Latif Rashid, MSc and 3Issam Salim Ismail, PhD
1,2Department of Prosthetic Dental Techniques, College of Health and Medical Techniques, Middle Technical University Baghdad, Iraq. 3Ministry of Health/Health Directorate of Wasit Province, Iraq.
Corresponding author: Noor Abdul Sahib Abass

E.mail address: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Received 25 February 2023.
Accepted for publication on May 09, 2023.
Published August 13, 2023.
Doi: https://doi.org/10.58827/123585lgjuid

Abstract
Background The proportion of elderly individuals with detachable partial dentures is rising. The frequency of root caries and gingival recession are both rising concurrently. Fluoride can be delivered into the oral cavity through several different means, including topical fluoride, fluoridated mouthwash, dentifrices, and fluoride-releasing restorative materials. Objectives To determine the effect of PMMA heat-cured resin materials in terms of color change and porosity by the addition of aluminum fluoridated salt. Materials and Methods A study sample of sixty specimens was fabricated following the ADA specification No.12, 1999. Depending on the type of the testing measurements, they were split into two main groups (color change and porosity).T-hese two groups were - subgrouped based on the aluminum fluoride percentage (control group0%; 2%, and 5%). ( n=10). All specimens were tested after being submerged in artificial saliva for two months. Study data were analysed using the Games Howell and LSD test at a significant p-value of (P<0.001). Results The Games Howell and LSD test indicated highly significant differences in the color changes of heat-cured PMMA after incorporation with aluminium fluoride (P<0.001). Also, there was a significant difference in the porosity of heat-cured acrylic resin material after incorporation with aluminium fluoride (P<0.001). Conclusion The color changes of heat-cured PMMA increased after incorporation with 2% and 5% aluminium fluoride, while the porosity was slightly increased after incorporation with aluminum fluoride.

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